Career library - What careers are out there...

Ask a child what they want to be when they are older and you may get the response 'a fireman, a nurse, an astronaut, a policeman, a pilot, a doctor, Britney Spears'.

Our perception of the work place comes from what we see on television, read in books and observe our parents doing each day. Even in your twenties and with graduation day rapidly approaching it is likely that you are not fully aware of the diversity of jobs available out there.

Some people are sure what direction they want their career to take, they may know they want to be a nurse, or a scientist. But who knows from an early age whether they want to be a Distribution co-ordinator, a Harness technician, a Senior Oracle Developer or a Website content writer?

'The chances are that you won't have heard of the job you end up doing before you start doing it'

The diversity of industry sectors

With an infinite number of careers out there, choosing a specific job title for you can be both daunting and in some ways ill advised. Unless you have your heart set on a particular job for your own personal reason, Job seekers should be flexible and it is recommended that you limit your searching to a specific industry sector. GoJobsite advertises jobs from 35 diverse industry sectors, details of each are outlined below.

Engineering

Engineers are responsible for the infrastructure of our lives, our cars and the roads they travel on, piping networks that supply us with water and telecommunications. Hospital buildings and the life saving equipment within them, the beds, the heart valves, the ambulance, and the doctors' facemask - all these are designed and constructed by engineers.

An Engineer identifies a problem and through a process of brain storming, model making, and testing comes up with a possible solution. An Engineer takes into account the specification for the product, the budgetary limitations, usage practicalities, environmental factors and time restraints.

These rules apply broadly to civil engineering working on the construction of new roads, a bridge or roundabout, to software engineers programming an application to fulfill a niche requirement and an automotive engineer who is working on a fuel efficient concept car.

The average salary for a qualified Engineer with a couple of year's experience is in the range of £25,000 +. Graduate engineers often move into management positions.

Engineers make a tremendous contribution to society through the problems they solve, the ideas and products they develop and the wealth they generate.

Media

The word media comes from 'medium' and refers to a way of effecting or conveying something. The popular forms of media are those that convey news, current affairs, entertainment, and leisure. Television is the most popular mass media, and with the continued evolution of a mobile Internet, it may not be long before the paper-based forms of media - such as newspapers and magazines, face the scrapheap.

In whatever form it takes Media is a means of communication, and personnel working within this sector must be good communicators. This does not necessarily mean that you have to have excellent verbal skills.

This is the sector for you if you are able to convey facts, a message or emotion by using a camera, by writing words, through acting, HTML code or perhaps by another medium which has not yet been though of.

Whether you are a journalist, a cameraman, an actress, a producer, a publisher or a web designer this can be a dynamic exciting industry to work in.

This is a very competitive industry and one that can prove extremely difficult to get into, and this is something that anyone within the industry will tell you - the secret is to not let this sort of scaremongery put you off.

The main entry point into Television is as a Runner or Junior Researcher for a production company. To begin with you can expect salaries to be low, for example a runner position will pay about £10,000, with more experience you can become an editor earning about £20-25,000 and a producer can earn £50,000 and upwards.

To develop a career in newspapers, it is common to get work with a local rag, serve your time then move to a larger paper from there. Local papers are becoming more selective, and you may find you need to complete a college journalist qualification or related degree. Proven unpaid experience with a bulging portfolio of work is the greatest indicator to a potential employer of your will to succeed.

Website production is currently a greatly expanding area of the media industry. Classified as 'New Media', this branch encompasses anything to do with the Internet, interactive TV and mobile WAP technology. There is currently great demand for skilled web designers and programmers who are being offered very attractive starting salaries in the range of £30-40,000.

Science

Biotechnology is a very exciting, hugely expanding area of science. With the completion of the human genome project the potential uses for genetic engineering as a treatment for many hereditary diseases are being realised. Laboratories are looking for research graduates to analyse DNA and Protein sequences, and Micro-array based gene expression data.

Salaries in this sector are traditionally not very high, but things are changing. Many biotech companies are floating on the LSE and beginning to recover considerable profits, scientists will find that the rewards for innovative work can be huge.

Large multinationals are having to address the environmental consequences of their business and are employing biologists as consultants to bring their operations into line with UN stipulations and to improve their public image. Jobs in environmental science are scarce but usually well paid.

Education

There is always a demand for good teachers. Teachers educate, motivate, guide, counsel, coach, and discipline - this can potentially be a highly rewarding career. Outside the classroom, the job entails marking papers, planning lessons and dealing with numerous administrative tasks.

The job of the teacher is much more than that of simply imparting knowledge and it's a career that will not of course suit everyone.
Good communication skills are required, but whether you are teaching four-year-olds in kindergarten, GCSE or A-level classes, you will need to be a good listener and sensitive to children's individual personalities and problems. Above all, you must always be open to new ideas and not afraid of learning something new yourself - the good teacher never stops learning.

Teacher starting salaries range from £15-20,000 depending on location and type of school. One year teacher training qualifications are required in addition to a degree.

Banking and Finance

Money dominates the world of business and the people that control the money have the power. Banking and finance is a huge sector that employs a large range of people including bank tellers, accountants, investment brokers and merchant bankers.

If you enjoy number crunching and using a computer, intense project work, perhaps with customer contact-if you can objectively assess loan applications from new families and new businesses-maybe you are a switched on potential stock trader? Jobs in this sector could be for you.

Clerical workers can expect a salary in the range of £15-20,000, Accountancy salaries range from £30-80,000. For a successful investment broker the sky is the limit in terms of potential earnings. You can work your way up from the bottom, or enter with a good accounting, mathematics or business related degree.

The Armed Services

Since the end of the Cold War in line with the decreased nuclear threat, the UK defence budgets have been slowly eroded.
The government hopes to have created a highly skilled, well equipped team of combined forces who can be mobilised rapidly in short notice to act increasingly in a peacekeeping capacity.

The armed forces offer applicants training, the chance to travel, work as part of a team and a steady promotion curve. There are numerous jobs within each of the armed forces - Navy, RAF, and Army, including engineers, medics, pilots, caterers, divers etc.
Salaries start at £5-7,000 for a young soldier, £18,000 for graduate officers.

Information Technology (IT)

The world of IT is continuing to expand at a phenomenal rate, there is great competition between employers to recruit the top technical personnel. Some companies are having to recruit from the Asian technology pool, with many UK online products now originating in India and Pakistan.

Programmers are very much in demand to produce high-end software applications for specific niche problems, and to develop, produce and update web sites.

Network specialists are required to keep company systems constantly up to date, and will be heavily involved with the roll out of new Blue Tooth technology and Broadband. C, C++, Java programmers can earn in the range £30-50,000

Marketing/Sales

Marketing involves strategically promoting a product or service. Everything needs to be marketed from washing powder to politicians. The financial rewards can be substantial with a Marketing executive earning £23-30,000 and marketing manager earning upwards of £30,000. It is a sector founded on bright ideas and competitive edge, you always have to be one step ahead of the opposition.

In the sales industry personality really does count. Whether you are a telesales exec, work in field sales, or you are an account manager you need to be friendly, confident, genuine, and most of all convincing enough to close the deal.
Success in the sales industry can be financially rewarding, there are good sales and there are people that are not so good - if you are a good sales person you can earn over double your net salary in the form of commission.

Marketing and sales people require boundless enthusiasm for their products, energy combined with integrity.

Logistics

Logisticians are strategists who are involved in getting the right goods to the right place at the right time for the right cost in the right condition. The Institute of Logistics defines logistics as 'the time related positioning of resources' within the supply chain.

In other words it is concerned with 'getting your coffee beans from the field into their jar and then into your food cupboard'.
Logistics commonly includes transport, warehousing, inventory/stock control, communication/information systems, packaging, manufacturing and management.

Logistics greatly affect our daily lives and make up 5-20% of the total costs of typical retailing and manufacturing companies. As a sector it is estimated to directly or indirectly contribute an estimated 25% of the UK's GDP and employ around 2.5 million people.
The duties of a logistical engineer might include applying quantitative analytical techniques such as simulation, optimisation, dynamic programming, inventory control and statistics.

There is a requirement for regular contact with customers to understand modelling requirements and convey results and recommendations in the form of written reports and presentations. Ensuring the integrity of data sources and data capture techniques.

Employeers are looking for candidates with a degree, preferably a Masters in either Mathematics with a bias towards probability and statistics, Operational Research, Logistics or Support Chain Management. Computer skills are increasingly important.

Wages are high, a logistical engineer without very much experience can be earning £40,000, and a distribution manager upwards of £30,000, there are openings in retail, government, the armed forces and welfare agencies.

Civil servant

Policemen, Fireman, Diplomat, Ambassador, Prime Minister, Traffic warden - these people are all civil servants.
To many people the term civil servant has a dull grey image and brings to mind 'John Major', in fact a career in the civil service can be fun, dynamic and financially rewarding. Just think, James Bond was a civil servant!

Jobs such as policing, and fire fighting can bring tremendous job satisfaction, while acceptance into the diplomatic corp. is a passport to see the world.

Many jobs provide extensive training with Salaries starting at about £15,000.

Accounting

Accountants and auditors, which generally are lumped together, perform jobs that help companies and organizations run more efficiently. More specifically, they work to ensure the accuracy of public records for investors, regulators and taxpayers by preparing, analyzing and verifying financial documents.

Nowadays, accounting information is stored in complex computer databases, for career development accountants and financiers must be highly trained to interpret and, in some cases, even develop financial software and information systems.

Career options for accounting grads abound. The list of jobs includes appraisers, auditors, budget officers, loan officers, financial analysts and managers, bank officers, actuaries, underwriters, tax collectors and revenue agents.

A CIMA qualified Assistant Accountant with at least 3 years accounts experience will earn approx. £30, 000, a project accountant can earn £20 an hour.

Purchasing

Purchasers, buyers or procurement specialists as they like to be known are responsible for buying any materials, resources, and services that a company requires to undertake it's own business.

For example the company that make ticket machines for the London underground will employ a purchaser to buy the best quality electronic component parts and casing materials. The purchaser must know their market place and be in tune with current trends.

The role includes the management of tendering processes and, where relevant, working in accordance with EC Procurement Directives. Assessing bids and, conducting post-tender negotiations to establish the most economically advantageous source of supply. Developing suppliers for specific categories of expenditure and fostering the development of innovative supply offerings.
Qualification requirements are usually a business degree however it is possible to enter purchasing through a number of promotional routes. As with other industries, IT skills are an advantage.

A procurement specialist can earn between £25-40,000.

Automotive

The automotive industry sustains a large number of workers, including forecourt salespeople, component assemblers and F1 pit stop engineers. In what other industry would unskilled plastic crash test dummies find work?

With increased global activity and an expanding reliance on computers car manufacturers are spending more and more on research and development. According to Robert Schumacher the director of advanced engineering at General Motors, the amount of software in a vehicle is increasing by 20% to 30% a year. These trends have increased the need for highly skilled specialist engineers and computer scientists.

Scientists are required to carry out research devoted to environmental interests such as electric fuel cells, new more light weight, non-corrosive materials.
Computer scientists mechanical engineers and industrial engineers in these industries received offers that averaged £30,000, crash test dummies are non paid volunteers.

Aviation

Biggles, the Red baron, the Birdman of Alcatraz, Icarus, Han Solo - there have been countless famous aviators over the years however of the people that work in this sector very few actually go up into the wide blue yonder.

Within commercial and military aviation there are numerous opportunities for ground force personnel (Allan Titchmash need not apply), Engineers and maintenance staff, aircrew, instructors, managerial and executive operations and Airtraffic control.

To get into Airtraffic control you need more than just a clear speaking voice - communication skills and the ability to give and follow clear instructions are also vital. Computer skills are needed for the co-ordination and tracking of aircraft as this takes place using very powerful computers and special software training is thorough (if intense) and includes a mixture of practical work placements and theory.

"Ghost rider, this is strike... we have unknown contact inbound, Mustang. Your vector zero nine zero for bogey. "

If that made sense and you already own some mirrored shades then a career in the RAF could be for you. Air combat is a very specialised, technically sophisticated area, with the planes and ground support becoming more and more complex. To be a pilot with the RAF you need to be within the age range 17.5 and 23, and be of excellent physical and mental health.

It can cost upwards of £50,000 to pay for your own pilots training, the RAF will pay for this and provide you with the required flying time, alternatively you can get sponsored by a commercial airline. British airways, Virgin and British Midland all take on a small elite each year.

Construction

It is not necessary to have a penchant for low slung trousers that expose your bottom cleavage, there are many facets of the construction industry that don't involve hanging from scaffolding and wolf whistling.

Jobs in this industry include contractors, surveyors, project managers, architects/designers architectural assistants, infrastructure technicians, structural engineers, and building services.

Construction managers plan, run, oversee and generally organise construction projects. They make sure that the right people are on the site when they're needed with the right quantity of goods and that projects run to cost. Other duties include ensuring that the architect's plans are followed to the letter, making sure that the building is finished by the projected completion date and liaising with - architects, engineers, buyers, estimators, surveyors and many more.

Health and safety is very important on a building site. Ensuring good, safe working conditions is vital if people are going to get the job done. Accidents will be more than just an inconvenience if they occur.

It can be very satisfying when construction work is completed and you can stand back from the structure and think 'I built that'. Having said that, you might spend a fair amount of time doing paperwork, and you should not mind having to stand around in mud for prolonged periods looking like a member of the village people.

A quantity surveyor earns about £30,000, a construction planner about £40,000, a site manager about £25,000 and an architect can earn over £50,000.

Electronics

In the not too distant future Machines are going to take over the world and force us weak humans to work in huge factories mass-producing WD40, but until that time, electronics will continue to be an exciting rapidly developing industry with lots of employment opportunities.

Electronics is concerned with the movement of electrons and other charged particles, on a day to day level this means the electricity that comes from the socket in your wall and runs your toaster. However cutting edge electronics has become sophisticated enough to produce microscopic Nanobot helicopters that can navigate the human body and administer medicines to specific areas, and high capacity data storage for computers.

Many electronics engineers work in the research, development and production of electrical consumer goods, radio and telecommunications, computers and all the electrical control systems used in factories, power stations and process plants.

A degree in computer science or an associated engineering subject is usually required, and manual dexterity is an advantage. An electronic engineer can expect to earn about £30,000 and there are plenty of opportunities to move into management.

Travel and hospitality

Two very different industries that are intrinsically linked, in both cases the major emphasis is on client satisfaction.

If you work in any job that involves dealing directly with customers then your personality, appearance, attitude and quality of service are seen as a reflection upon the company you represent. Providing Grade A customer service is of particular importance if the client is spending a lot of money, whether that be on a holiday cruise, or a meal in an expensive restaurant.

Whether you are the captain of a cruise liner, an airline steward, a holiday rep., a waiter, a tour guide, or a windsurfing instructor you have to be a good with people, almost constantly smiling, and remain cool and calm in a crisis.

There is often a large amount of responsibility involved working in this sector, because if people are paying money they don't want to have to worry about what appear to them as unnecessary details. If the pool is full of leaves it is up to you as a holiday rep, to make sure that they are taken out before the customers see. As a waiter you have to ensure all of the cutlery is clean and that should a dinner drop his/her fork they are presented with another immediately. If you are a windsurfing instructor you have to make sure that none of your class are going to be eaten by sharks or swept out to sea by strong currents.

With any job that carries responsibility there are financial rewards, and working within the travel industry can have other perks in the form of discounted or free travel, accommodation and free food. Work can be seasonal, and inconsistent. It is possible to study for HND and degree courses in leisure and tourism, however generally speaking there are no specific qualifications to succeed in the industry apart from enthusiasm and an outgoing friendly nature.

Depending upon the type and quality of the restaurant a head chef can earn about £30,000. Seasonal outdoor activity instructors can earn £150 per week with bed and board included.

Human resources

A successful company has to realize that their most important commodity is not their flashy office building, their embossed headed stationary or even their brilliant product, the most important resource are their employees.

Human resource workers who used to be called personnel, and often shorten their title to HR manage the hiring, training, firing, and happiness of employees. They are responsible for the development of individuals within an organization, helping people manage their careers.

In the role of HR manager you could be dealing with pay and benefits issues, job evaluation, performance appraisals, selection interviews, identifying training methods, designing training courses or delivering and evaluating training and employment law.

You could help make strategic policy decisions on the way your department works and how it fits in with the rest of the firm. This is, of course, in addition to your advisory and support role to the rest of the employees, and your involvement with professional bodies, suppliers of training, equipment and software and your internal clients and managers.

HR can be a satisfying position, after having hired someone to see them slip seamlessly into their new role; both undertaking their new job with competence, and fitting in well with colleagues.

A HR officer gets about £20,000 and a HR manager earns about £30,000.

Insurance

Wait! Don't fall asleep. Whilst it is true that a career in insurance probably won't make you more endearing to the opposite sex, or do anything to increase your rock and roll image it is a sector that is full of satisfying, well paid jobs.

Insurance means protection, a peace of mind that can be bought. Clients pay fees (premiums) to an insurance company so that should misfortune befall them, for example their house floods, or their car is written-off, then they can make a claim to the insurance company who will provide compensation for the value of the house contents or car.

Insurance is an enormous sector, in fact it's one of the largest service industry employers in the UK and there are a large range of jobs available. Assessors calculate the relative likelihood of various types of accidents by performing a statistical analysis on anything they deem relevant to the subject. They use the resulting information to determine policy prices, as well as whom to sell which policy to. For example generally speaking if you live in an urban area it will cost more to insure the contents of your house than if you live in the countryside where there are fewer break-ins.

Insurance agents carry out a sales function, and actually sell the policies. Underwriters determine how much overall risk a buyer will add to the company's business and figures out the premium at which to insure a buyer. Money managers invest the client premium money usually in stocks and shares. Claim Evaluators decide what, if anything, the company will pay on claims.

If you like sales, have a strong quantitative bent, or like to investigate mysteries, this is a very good place to consider looking for a job. It's also a great field to consider if you're looking for top-notch benefits, reasonable hours, and a sense of belonging to a large organization. There's also a place in the industry for entrepreneurs who want to run an insurance agency or work in other sales positions.

You should not consider a career in insurance unless you are good with numbers, indeed some jobs in the sector require a mathematical degree qualification. Business or Law degrees are also favoured, however for many positions any degree will be considered. In some cases for further career progression within the sector it is necessary to gain Chartered status from the Chartered Insurance Institute (CII).
A trainee claims handler can earn a salary in the range £10-15,000, while a business systems analyst will earn about £50,000.

Law

Want to be Perry Mason minus the facial hair and walking disability? A career within the legal profession can be intellectually and financially rewarding.

A solicitor's job is to provide clients (members of the public, businesses, voluntary bodies, charities etc.) with skilled legal advice and representation, including representing them in court. Most solicitors work in private practice, which is a partnership of solicitors who offer services to clients. Others work as employed solicitors for central and Local Government, the Crown Prosecution Service, the Magistrates' Courts Service, a commercial or industrial organisation or other bodies. Solicitors are far more likely to work on a civil or a non-criminal action than a criminal prosecution. A client instructs the solicitor who instructs the barrister. Note: Do not mention soliciting on street corners or dancing babies.

Barristers represent cases when they go to court, and give advice and opinions to solicitors on specialist areas of the law. As a result they have to be particularly good at advocacy, i.e. the court room battle, and at getting to grips with thorny legal problems.

Working at the independent bar, barristers are effectively self employed, getting paid for the jobs they take on, but they club together as tenants of sets of chambers. Barristers who qualify are called to the bar, but those who are not accepted as tenants of any set of chambers often move into areas of legal work alongside solicitors, such as in-house legal departments, the Crown Prosecution Service, the Magistrates courts or the Government legal service.

All barristers have to be members of one of the four Inns of Court. These are like professional clubs that offer training, library services, somewhere to eat and a focus for professional networking.

A lot of what a solicitor does is nitty gritty stuff, drafting documents, crossing the t's and dotting the legal i's. However, law firms are increasingly being run as businesses, so a marketing head and IT skills are in demand.

To qualify you first take a qualifying Law degree. Follow this with a one year vocational course, the Legal Practice Course (LPC) for solicitors or the Bar Vocational Course (BVC) for Barristers. After all these studies solicitors do a two year Training Contract, while Barristers do two six months periods of Pupilage .

Alternatively, do a degree that isn't law and then take a one year conversion course; the Common Professional Exam (CPE) or Diploma in Law. These two courses cover the core elements of a qualifying law degree, after which you have to do the vocational courses and work as law graduates above. A solicitor earns approximately £25,000

Management and Executive

Managers sit in big offices in big leather chairs smoking big Cuban cigars and give themselves big pay rises.

Back in reality, managers work just as hard as the rest of us, and are responsible for strategic planning, budget control, delegation of projects and office coordination. There are endless meetings and courses to attend, so it is important to be a good communicator.

Job qualifications vary considerably between sectors and location, but generally there is a requirement for an Advanced degree; five plus years of relevant experience; exceptional communications and client-relationship skills. It could also be useful to play golf.

Your staff will look to you for advise and guidance. Leadership qualities are desirable, you will need to be a negotiator, a mediator, a friend, a parent, a detective, and a judge. Salaries are upward of £30,000 and can exceed £100,000.

Health

Humans are remarkably robust organisms, however things do go wrong with our bodies and when they do, we rely on the skills of those working in the health sector to get us back to full fitness.

In the UK the most widely practiced forms of medicine are based upon tried and tested western techniques such as vaccination, the use of antibiotics, natural healing, and the development of cutting edge research such as key hole surgery and genetic engineering. Having said that so called 'alternative medicines' such as aromatherapy, acupuncture, massage, and herbal remedies are becoming more widely accepted.

To become a medical doctor you need to undertake five years of training at medical school. There are about 30 Medical Schools in the UK. Students applying require three or four high grade 'A' Level passes, and will usually have studied at least three out of Mathematics, Further Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry or Biology. Some Medical Schools run one year 'Pre-Medical' courses for students who have non-science 'A'-Levels in order to convert.

There is some variability in the length and approach of the training of doctors which is undertaken by different UK Medical Schools. The 'Classical' approach has been a five year course, broken into two distinct segments: PRECLINICAL which involves two years of theory: Anatomy, Physiology, Biochemistry, Pharmacology, Pathology, Genetics, Sociology, Psychology, Bacteriology, Embryology.

Followed by CLINICAL which is a further one year of half-and-half theory (more Pathology) and early clinical experience, followed by one year of full time hospital-based experience, shadowing 'real' doctors, followed by the final year which is basically one long revision course.

Following qualification, doctors in the UK hold only provisional registration and license to practice. All such licenses are granted by the UK doctors' regulatory body, the 'General Medical Council' (GMC). A provisional license entitles the holder to practice medicine only under supervision by a fully licensed practitioner. Full registration is obtained upon satisfactory completion of an approved, supervised apprenticeship of one year duration which must contain at least 4 months each of Hospital Medicine and Hospital Surgery.

After medical school the usual route is to become a Junior House Officer (JHO) in a hospital. Typically JHO's work an average of 72 hours a week, based on a full 40 hour working week and cover for every 4th night and weekend.

Basic starting salary for a House Doctor is about £16,000 annually for the basic 40 hour week, and the additional On-Call duties are paid at half (50%) this hourly rate.

Following completion of the House Jobs, and acquisition of Full Registration, UK doctors may begin specialist training. In the initial phase, this involves seeking further six month contracts in appropriate specialties at the grade of Senior House Officer (SHO) with a starting basic salary of £20135 rising to £24200 after four years.

Many doctors then go on to become General Practitioners (GP's) who earn about £50,000

Nurses work as part of a multidisciplinary team with other medical professionals such as doctors, therapists, psychologists and social workers. They help assess each patient's needs and deliver the appropriate medical care, whether this be helping them to stay alive, healing an injury or fighting a disease. This can be very satisfying job, but at the same time very hard work, with long hours and some unpleasant tasks such as giving bed baths.

Practical tasks include taking blood pressure and temperature, monitoring breathing, setting up drips and blood transfusions, and giving medicine in various forms such as pills and injections. There are several career paths from here, including post-registration courses in clinical specialisms, community nursing, management and teaching. A staff nurse in a hospital earns £15,988 - £19,308 p.a.

Other jobs in this sector that all require specialized qualifications include Speech therapist, Physiotherapist, Occupational therapist, Radiographer, Paramedic, Dentist, Medical secretary, Medical researcher, Social worker.

Recruitment

Careers advisors and recruitment consultants are in the business of matching people with jobs. They aim to make the painful process of finding a job or changing your career that bit smoother.

Careers advisors often work for local governments within schools colleges and universities. Students, and the vocationally challenged go to career centers for guidance, the advisor will sit down with them to try to establish what job they would be best suited for and enjoy most.
Often building up impressively comprehensive libraries of addresses, recruitment literature and contact names career advisors are usually qualified to administer psychometric tests.

Career consultants work for employment agencies, it is their job to recruit quality candidates onto their books and to then place those candidates within good well paid jobs. Responsibilities include interviewing candidates and establishing contacts within businesses. Consultants receive commission on top of their net salary. When a candidate is located in a company and is in that job for a number of months, the consultant will take a percentage of their wage; it is therefore in their best interest to get the highest caliber candidates and most well paid jobs.

Working in the recruitment sector it is important to have good communication skills, whether you spend your day with school kids or the long-term unemployed, you have to identify their needs to help them.

A recruitment consultant earns about £20,000 basic and can earn double that through commission.

Retail:

The sale of goods or commodities in small quantities directly to consumers. Retail can be a tough industry to work in, the reason being that you have to bow and curtsey to the rude and unappreciative general public - just say to yourself through gritted teeth 'The customer is always right'.

A large number of workers in the retail sector are part time or temporary, for example students paying their way through college who usually work on the tills, shop floor as an assistant or in the stock room. There are opportunities to become department managers and most of the big high-street retailers such as Marks and Spencers and Tescos take on graduates and apprentices for fast track managerial training. During which you will work within all of the departments of a store so that you know the trade intimately. You may progress quickly to managing a small branch, or to the deputy managership of a larger store, before moving on to higher level jobs.

Retail buyers purchase the merchandise to stock the store from manufacturers, importers and distributors. You'll want to get the best quality for the best price from the best source ensuring that what you've ordered matches what you get and that payment is made.

Many retail businesses are trying to get into selling on the Internet, if you have computer qualifications you will be looked upon very favourably.
At the end of the day retail boils down to having quality products, displaying them attractively and giving your customers good service. But at the same time some of these may have to be compromised so as to keep the cost of the goods at a minimum - competition between other retailers is very high.

To work in retail you need good social skills, tact and initiative when dealing with the public and working with other staff is essential.

A store manager earns between £15-40,000 a large range because it is very much dependant upon the type of store and the location. A checkout operator or sales assistant earn £Peanuts.
"Have a nice day…"

Secretarial and Administration

The role of secretary has changed over the years, with the advent of the PC most people now do their own rudimentary typing and administration. However the core tasks of a secretary are still to deal with filing (documents and nails), correspondence, dairy schedules, booking appointments, taking phone calls and ordering office supplies.

The Institute of Chartered Secretaries and Administrators (ICSA) qualification is designed specifically for company secretarial work, and is normally taken part-time over three years. You may be able to get study leave from work to complete the qualification.

It is important to be efficient, accurate to pay attention to detail and to cope well under pressure. Often you are the first point of contact for clients and so a good telephone manner and smart appearance are also important. Secretaries have traditionally been female but men are starting to take to the role. Wages are about £14,000 increasing to £20,000 + for an office manager or top PA.

Telecommunications

The installation, upkeep, research and development of wire networks and increasingly satellites, that allow for the transmission of data on a local and global level. NOT - Two baked bean cans joined with a piece of taught string.

The areas of current interest are Mobile communications with Internet capabilities, Broadband technology such as ADSL, and Satellite communication including global positioning systems (GPS). It is a very competitive industry and job seekers need to stay abreast of the latest trends if they are to succeed.

If you are a technological whizz-kid and want to make the whole world use video conferencing, online shopping, or something we haven't even dreamt of yet, this is the industry for you. There are also opening for managers, marketers, sales and customer relations people.
A technical consultant earns about £40, 000 a telecomm software developer earns about £45,000 and an engineer £40,000.


There is such a diversity of jobs out there it can be daunting to those entering the jobs market. However it is also an adventure, if you have the skills and the ambition anything is possible.

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